Every town has its own character.The roots of this character can be traced in the history of the particular town. The history of any place has different phases.
The hill town of Dalhousie in Western Himalayas in being only one hundred and fifty years old, has just four major phases in its history.
History (Blast from the Past):
Dalhousie got its name from the Lord Dalhousie, the British governor General of the 19th century. This hill station was established in 1854. As a retreat to escape the scorching heat of the Indian summer. Dalhousie enticed by the pleasant climate ,natural beauty and peaceful atmosphere of this hill region. It is built on and around five hills, Kathalagh, Potreyn, Terah, Bakrota and Bhangora.Which are cquired by the British from the ruler of Chamba. As a payment for the hills, the British reduced the amount of tax levied on the ruler. Dalhousie soon became a popular summer resort for soldiers, military officials and Englishmen.
One of the tourist attractions of Dalhousie is the natural spring located in Karelanu and it has an interesting history. Karelanu is famous for its natural spring. Which has healing or medicinal properties. Subhash Chandra Bose, one of the greatest freedom fighters of India, was suffering from tuberculosis. He visited Karelanu and drank the precious water from the natural spring regularly.As a result the water healed him. Rabindranath Tagore, the famous Indian polymath, visited Dalhousie in 1873. While Rudyar Kipling, the author of the famous book ‘The Jungle Book’, visited the place in 1884.
From the heritage aspect, Dalhousie town is entirely different from Chamba. Where ancient temples and other architectural remains speak of ancient history. This relative young settlement from the heritage point of view. Has much to say about the life, and values at the time of the British rule, that is just a distant echo today.